Module Handbook

  • Dynamischer Default-Fachbereich geändert auf PHY

Notes on the module handbook of the department Physics

Die hier dargestellten Studiengang-, Modul- und Kursdaten des Fachbereichs Physik [PHY] befinden sich noch in Entwicklung und sind nicht offiziell.

Die offiziellen Modulhandbücher finden Sie unter https://www.physik.uni-kl.de/studium/modulhandbuecher/ .

Module PHY-QT-AQP-M-6

Quantum Technologies (M, 16.0 LP)

Module Identification

Module Number Module Name CP (Effort)
PHY-QT-AQP-M-6 Quantum Technologies 16.0 CP (480 h)

Basedata

CP, Effort 16.0 CP = 480 h
Position of the semester 2 Sem. from WiSe/SuSe
Level [6] Master (General)
Language [EN] English
Module Manager
Lecturers
Lecturers of the department Physics
Area of study [PHY-AQP] Advanced Quantum Physics
Reference course of study [PHY-88.C16-SG] M.Sc. Advanced Quantum Physics
Livecycle-State [NORM] Active

Notice

At least 8 CP must be completed in the cources [PHY-WPFEP-261-K-7] Quantum Optics I+II or [PHY-WPFEP-288-K-7] Quantum Technology

Courses

Type/SWS Course Number Title Choice in
Module-Part
Presence-Time /
Self-Study
SL SL is
required for exa.
PL CP Sem.
4V PHY-WPFEP-261-K-7
Quantum Optics I+II
WP 56 h 184 h
SL1
ja PL1 8.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-202-K-7
Quantum Gases I
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-275-K-7
Quantum Gases II
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-293-K-7
Advanced Photonics I
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-294-K-7
Advanced Photonics II
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-288-K-7
Quantum Technology
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFTP-172-K-7
Quantum Information
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-295-K-7
Quantum Information Technology
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-201-K-7
Coherent Optics
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFEP-286-K-7
Magnonics
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFTP-343-K-7
Superconductivity
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
2V PHY-WPFTP-291-K-7
Laser-Matter-Interaction on ultrashort timescales
WP 28 h 92 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
V+S+L PHY-WPFEP-224-K-7
Intensive Week
WP 120 h 0 h
SL1
ja PL1 4.0 irreg.
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-261-K-7]: Title: "Quantum Optics I+II"; Presence-Time: 56 h; Self-Study: 184 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-261-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-202-K-7]: Title: "Quantum Gases I"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-202-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-275-K-7]: Title: "Quantum Gases II"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-275-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-293-K-7]: Title: "Advanced Photonics I"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-293-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-294-K-7]: Title: "Advanced Photonics II"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-294-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-288-K-7]: Title: "Quantum Technology"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-288-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFTP-172-K-7]: Title: "Quantum Information"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFTP-172-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-295-K-7]: Title: "Quantum Information Technology"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-295-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-201-K-7]: Title: "Coherent Optics"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-201-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-286-K-7]: Title: "Magnonics"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-286-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFTP-343-K-7]: Title: "Superconductivity"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFTP-343-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFTP-291-K-7]: Title: "Laser-Matter-Interaction on ultrashort timescales"; Presence-Time: 28 h; Self-Study: 92 h
  • About [PHY-WPFTP-291-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-224-K-7]: Title: "Intensive Week"; Presence-Time: 120 h;
  • About [PHY-WPFEP-224-K-7]: The study achievement must be obtained. It is a prerequisite for the examination for PL1 .
Some of the courses take place at irregular intervals. A current overview of the courses offered can be found in the campus management system of the TU Kaiserslautern (https://www.kis.uni-kl.de).

Study achievement SL1

  • Verification of study performance: continuous and active participation in the courses
  • Study achievement is a prerequisite for the examination.
    Proof of regular and active participation in course, the conditions for the regular and active participation are made public at the beginning of the course

Examination achievement PL1

  • Form of examination: oral examination (60 Min.)
  • Examination Frequency: irregular (by arrangement)

Evaluation of grades

The grade of the module examination is also the module grade.

In justified exceptional cases, a module examination can consist of partial examinations (sub-module examinations). This has to be approved by the chairperson of the examination board. In such cases, the grade of the module examination must be calculated as the arithmetic average of the grades for the individual test performances.

Contents

  • fundamentals of semi-classical atom-light interaction
  • laser radiation and fundamentals of photonics
  • coherent phenomena in multi-level atoms
  • quantized light fields
  • quantum states of light, their properties and their theoretical description
  • quantized atom-light interaction: Jaynes-Cummings model and dressed states
  • coherence and correlations
  • quantum correlations and entanglement
  • Bell inequalities and their violation
  • (quantum) theory of the laser
  • quantum effects in nonlinear optics
  • Making and probing ultracold quantum gases
  • Bose-Einstein condensation
  • properties of Bose-Einstein condensates
  • solitons
  • vortices
  • ultracold Fermi gases
  • BEC-BCS crossover
  • Experimental techniques
  • laser cooling and trapping
  • evaporative cooling
  • Bose-Einstein condensation
  • degenerate Fermi gases
  • interaction between ultracold atoms
  • Gross-Pitaevskii equation
  • Thomas-Fermi approximation
  • Hartree-Fock theory
  • Bogoliubov theory
  • vortices and superfluidity
  • Landau-Khalatnikov two fluid modell
  • spinor gases
  • disorder
  • Feshbach resonances
  • BEC-BCS crossover
  • optical lattices
  • Bose-Hubbard model
  • Hubbard model
  • low-dimensional quantum gases
  • fundamentals of light-matter interaction
  • non-linear optics
  • dispersion relations
  • photonic bandstructures
  • band structure calculations (plane-wave method, finite-difference-time-domain)
  • scattering matrix calculations
  • photonic crystals, quasicrystals and disordered media
  • discrete optics
  • topological photonics
  • Monte-Carlo-Simulation
  • plasmonics: surface- and particle-plasmon-polaritons
  • plasmonic antennas
  • photonic metamaterials: negative refractive index
  • metasurfaces
  • all-dielectric metamaterials
  • transformation optics
  • introduction to quantum properties:
    • matter waves
    • quantum statistics
    • entanglement
  • matter wave applications and sub-wavelength microscopy
  • applications in time-keeping:
    • optical clocks
    • squeezed states
  • superconductivity and superfluidity, and their applications.
  • quantum states
  • entanglement and its measures
  • teleportation
  • qubits and diVincenzo criteria
  • single qubit gates and realizations
  • quantum correlations and two-qubit gates
  • quantum computation and simple algorithms
  • quantum cryptography and quantum communication
  • quantum error correction
  • experimental implementations of quantum computation
  • quantum repeaters
  • quantum algorithms:
    • Grover’s algorithm
    • Shor’s algorithm.
  • principles of lasers
  • laser resonators
  • laser modes
  • interference and coherence
  • short and ultrashort optical pulses
  • overview of nonlinear optics
  • wave optics
  • Fourier optics and diffraction
  • speckles
  • holography and holographic interferometry
  • coherent Fourier-optical spatial frequency filtering
  • broad-area semiconductor lasers
  • optical waveguides
  • fundamentals of spin waves in confined structures
  • basic elements of magnonics
  • parametric and nonlinear phenomena
  • advanced properties and applications
  • Phenomenology
    • Historical introduction
    • critical temperature
    • Meissner-Ochselfeld effect
    • type I and type II superconductor
    • thermodynamics of superconductors
    • London theory
    • flux quanta
  • Ginzburg-Landau theory:
    • Wave function of superconductivity
    • inhomogeneous superconductor
    • Ginzburg-Landau equations
    • London penetration depth and coherence length
    • critical magnetic fields
    • magnetization curve
    • interaction between flux quanta
    • critical current
  • Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer-Theorie:
    • Josephon effects
    • Feynman theory
    • SQUID
    • Cooper problem
    • Jellium model of electron gases
    • Coulomb interaction
    • lattice vibrations
    • electron-phonon interaction
    • BCS ground state
    • energy gap
    • excited states
    • Gorkov derivation of Ginzburg-Landau theory
combined lecture/seminar and laboratory work on selected topics in quantum optics and quantum technology

Competencies / intended learning achievements

Successful completion of this module will develop the following skills, knowledge and expertise:
  • The student will know and understand the fundamental concepts, methods and approaches of quantum optics and optical technologies.
  • The student will have acquired a structured and specific knowledge of those subjects in quantum optics and optical technologies which are treated by the particular courses that the student has taken.
  • The student will understand the close interaction between theoretical predictions and experiments in (quantum) optics, and the importance of this close interaction for developing technological applications.
  • The student will be able to understand and interpret discrepancies between theoretical predictions and experimental results.
  • The student will have an overview of current fundamental problems in quantum optics, quantum technologies and optical technologies.
  • The student will be aware of how quantum optics theory and optical technologies were developed historically.
  • The student will appreciate how the discoveries in quantum optics and the inventions of optical technologies have contributed to the development of the fundamental concepts of modern physics in general.
  • The student will be able to apply fundamental scientific methods, such as induction, model construction, and experimental testing, to solve scientific problems and develop new scientific insights, especially in the contexts of quantum optics and optical technologies.
  • The student will also be able to apply the essential working strategies and paradigms that are specific to quantum optics and optical technologies, in order to recognize and solve common (quantum) optical problems.
  • The student will conversely understand how the specific concepts and strategies of quantum optics relate to the basic principles of physics in general.

Literature

  • Gerry, Knight: Introductory Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press
  • Scully, Zubairy: Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press
  • Loudon: The Quantum Theory of Light, Oxford University Press
  • Cohen-Tannoudji, Dupont-Roc, Grynberg: Atom Photon Interactions, Wiley
  • Grynberg, Aspect, Fabre, Cohen-Tannoudji: Introduction to Quantum Optics: From the semiclassical approach to Quantized Light, Cambridge University Press
  • Metcalf, van der Straten: Laser Cooling and Trapping, Springer
  • Pethick, Smith: Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Gases, Cambridge University Press
  • Salomon, Shlyapnikov, Cugliandolo: Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases, Les Houches Lecutre Notes 2010, Oxford University Press
  • Zwerger: The BEC-BCS Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas, Springer Lecture Notes 836, Springer
  • Pitaevskii and Stringari, Bose-Einstein condensation, Clarendon Press
  • Cohen-Tannoudji and Guery-Odelin, Advances in atomic physics, World Scientific Publishing
  • Metcalf, van der Straten: Laser Cooling and Trapping, Springer
  • Pethick, Smith: Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Gases, Cambridge University Press
  • Salomon, Shlyapnikov, Cugliandolo: Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases, Les Houches Lecutre Notes 2010, Oxford University Press
  • Zwerger: The BEC-BCS Crossover and the Unitary Fermi Gas, Springer Lecture Notes 836, Springer
  • Barenghi, Parker: A Primer on Quantum Fluids, Springer
  • Griffin, Nikuni, Zarembar: Bose-Condensed Gases at Finite Temperatures, Cambridge University Press
  • Lewenstein, Sanpera, Ahufinger: Ultracold Atoms in Optical Lattices: Simulating Quantum Many-Body Systems, Oxford University Press
  • Pelster: Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Vorlesungsmanuskript 2004
  • Pitaevskii, Stringari: Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity, Oxford University Press
  • Stoof, Dickerscheid, Gubbels: Ultracold Quantum Fields, Springer
  • Ueda: Fundamentals and New Frontiers of Bose-Einstein Condensation, World Scientific
  • Saleh, Teich: Fundamentals of Photonics, Wiley&Sons
  • Maier: Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer
  • Saleh, Teich: Fundamentals of Photonics, Wiley&Sons
  • Maier: Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications, Springer
  • Pethick, Smith: Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Gases, Cambridge University Press
  • Buckel, Kleiner: Superconductivity: Fundamentals and Applications, Wiley-VCH
  • Gerry, Knight: Introductory Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press
  • Bransden, Joachain: Physics of Atoms and Molecules, Prentiss Hall
  • Haroche, Raimond: Exploring the Quantum, Oxford University Press
  • Tinkham: Introduction to Superconductivity, Dover Publications
  • Nielsen, Chuang: Quantum Computation and Quantum Information, Cambridge University Press
  • Pethick, Smith: Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Gases, Cambridge University Press
  • Buckel, Kleiner: Superconductivity: Fundamentals and Applications, Wiley-VCH
  • Gerry, Knight: Introductory Quantum Optics, Cambridge University Press
References will be announced in the course or on the website of the course.
  • Hecht: Optics, Pearson
  • Meschede: Optics, light and lasers, Wiley-VCH
References will be announced in the course or on the website of the course.
  • Annett: Superconductivity, Superfluids, and Condensates, Oxford University Press
  • Bennemann, Ketterson (Eds.): The Physics of Superconductors: Vol. I Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors, Springer
  • Bennemann, Ketterson (Eds.): The Physics of Superconductors: Vol. II Novel Superconductors, Springer
  • Blundell: Superconductivity - a Very Short Introduction, Oxford
  • Kleiner, Buckel: Superconductivity - Fundamentals and Application, Viley VCH
  • De Gennes: Superconductivity of Metals and Alloys, Taylor & Francis
  • Tinkham: Introduction to Superconductivity, Dover
References will be announced in the course or on the website of the course.

Materials

depending on choice, see respective course description

Registration

depending on choice, see respective course description

Requirements for attendance (informal)

depending on choice, see respective course description

Requirements for attendance (formal)

None

References to Module / Module Number [PHY-QT-AQP-M-6]

Course of Study Section Choice/Obligation
[PHY-88.C16-SG] M.Sc. Advanced Quantum Physics Quantum Technology [WP] Compulsory Elective